Develop Texas Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Readiness Plan

With the growing adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) in the United States and by Texans, Texas has a need for adequate and comprehensive coverage of EV charging infrastructure. While currently comprising less than one percent of all registered vehicles in Texas, projections forecast that EVs could comprise up to 55 percent of all vehicles by the year 2040. This significant industry shift will require considerable and proactive efforts to support this transition, focusing on infrastructure readiness; customer experience; interregional connectivity, equity, and economic impacts; and other consequences related to the closure or repurposing of gas stations. Texas needs to identify optimal places where infrastructure will be needed in advance of federal and local funding that will be available to build out EV charging infrastructure. Since implementation of EV charging infrastructure will occur in phases over multiple years, a long-term strategic plan is necessary to guide the development of EV infrastructure, ensure that TxDOT meets the needs of EV stakeholders, and maximize financial opportunities available to the state. The long-term strategic plan will guide infrastructure investment across the state, with a goal of a stable and consistent EV charging network. The project will also help guide future charging infrastructure funding opportunities and provide guidance to effectively and equitably distribute available funding. The research team will review the existing EV charging infrastructure state of practice to understand needs and challenges in EV infrastructure, including deployment models, grid connectivity and upgrades, and evolving technologies such as in-road charging, swappable batteries, and future-proofing existing technology; assess tools available to guide statewide EV planning analysis, such as EVI-Pro and other platforms; develop an analysis of projected EV charging demand based on adoption trends and projections; develop a policy analysis of the local, state, and federal statutory landscape to identify barriers and opportunities in comparison to peer states; analyze funding opportunities and develop frameworks for funding models, including private-public partnerships, that will consider the state of practice, federal funding opportunities, and alternative funding sources; and develop strategies to improve the EV charging infrastructure system in Texas over the course of 5 to 10 years, including an evaluation of variables that affect the placement of new EV charging locations and the necessity and viability of battery storage and off-grid capabilities. These efforts will result in an assessment of EV planning analysis tools, a policy analysis framework, and long-term statewide EV infrastructure strategies.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $399347
  • Contract Numbers:

    0-7169

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Texas Department of Transportation

    125 E. 11th Street
    Austin, TX  United States  78701-2483
  • Managing Organizations:

    Texas Department of Transportation

    125 E. 11th Street
    Austin, TX  United States  78701-2483
  • Project Managers:

    Steele, Joanne

  • Performing Organizations:

    Texas A&M Transportation Institute

    Texas A&M University System
    3135 TAMU
    College Station, TX  United States  77843-3135
  • Principal Investigators:

    Kraus, Edgar

  • Start Date: 20220912
  • Expected Completion Date: 20240831
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01863368
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Texas Department of Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: 0-7169
  • Files: RIP, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Nov 4 2022 11:01AM