Assessing the Impact of Ridehailing Service Use on Bus Ridership: A Joint Modeling Framework Accounting for Endogeneity and Latent Attitudes

Transit ridership has been on the decline for several years. One key contributing factor is the rise of ridehailing service usage and its impact on transit use. This research project attempts to provide a comprehensive and holistic assessment of the impacts of ridehailing service use on transit ridership while controlling for a host of socio-economic, demographic, and attitudinal factors. Using detailed survey data collected in four automobile-centric metropolitan areas of the US, this study jointly models the frequency of using ridehailing services and the extent to which an individual has changed bus use due to ridehailing. The results indicate that ridehailing use frequency is significantly associated with a decrease in bus use, suggesting that ridehailing serves as a substitute for bus use (more than it serves as a complement). The findings suggest that transit agencies need to explore pathways towards leveraging ridehailing services to better complement transit usage.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $N/A
  • Contract Numbers:


  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Center for Teaching Old Models New Tricks (TOMNET)

    Arizona State University
    Tempe, AZ  United States  85287
  • Project Managers:

    Pendyala, Ram

  • Performing Organizations:

    Arizona State University, Tempe

    Tempe, AZ  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Pendyala, Ram

  • Start Date: 20210801
  • Expected Completion Date: 20220831
  • Actual Completion Date: 20220831
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01849047
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for Teaching Old Models New Tricks (TOMNET)
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747116
  • Files: UTC, RIP
  • Created Date: Jun 22 2022 9:30AM