Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices. Topic S02-22. Airport Programs that Reduce Landside Vehicle Carbon Emissions

Emissions from surface traffic can be a substantial portion of the carbon emissions at an airport. Traditional transportation demand management tools, such as encouraging increased transit use, often have limited effect. Airports may have innovative ways to reduce carbon: for example, by establishing fee incentives for low-emitting shuttles, introducing access fees at the curb to reduce or divert passenger trips, or subsidize transit passes for employees. However, introducing or changing programs may have implications for provider contractual agreements, operator parity, passenger behavior, passenger demand, modal share, travel patterns, non-aeronautical revenues, and social equity. Although the topic is complex and potentially controversial, the urgency of climate change drives a need to gain knowledge as soon as possible. The objective of this research is to provide information on the use of airport programs or initiatives that reduce carbon emissions from vehicles accessing the airport. The audiences for this research are airport landside and ground transportation, finance and business development, planning and engineering, and environmental departments. Tasks and resulting information to describe in a concise report: (1) Conduct a literature review. (2) Document airport programs or initiatives at US and international airports that influence carbon emissions. (3) Identify types of internal and external funding mechanisms that support advancement towards sustainability. (4) Conduct interviews with multiple airports to understand their programs and initiatives, fee structures, innovative practices, how carbon reduction influenced their fees, lessons learned and resulting practices, and (if available) data to illustrate issues and outcomes. Include impacts on revenue, changing traffic patterns, and social equity in the discussions. (5) Provide at least four case studies of airport programs or initiatives, including at least one international airport. (6) Describe further research needs to close gaps in knowledge.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $45000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 11-03, Topic S02-22

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591
  • Project Managers:

    Christensen, Jordan

  • Performing Organizations:


    Washington, DC  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Mandle, Peter

  • Start Date: 20220321
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01830018
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 11-03, Topic S02-22
  • Files: TRB, RIP
  • Created Date: Dec 14 2021 1:23PM