Analysis of Public Transportation Health Impacts and Benefits

Public transportation’s benefits are far-reaching. Previous research has identified benefits such as greenhouse gas reduction, increased personal savings, reduced deaths from automobile crashes, and benefits to the wider economy. These subjects offer various metrics on measuring public transportation’s performance and effectiveness. One element of public transportation’s impact that has taken on new importance is the health benefits of public transportation. The COVID-19 pandemic showed the importance of public transportation in transporting essential healthcare workers, as well as providing access to hospitals, urgent care centers, and doctors’ offices. The pandemic also exposed the equity challenges in serving those trips. In a recent request for information, the FTA indicated that they intend to include direct and indirect benefits to human health as part of measuring project benefits for Capital Investment Grant projects, see As a result, health benefits will be of particular interest to public transportation agencies going forward. The public transportation industry seeks to better understand the connection between public transportation and health outcomes, both in terms of public transportation’s health benefits compared to other modes and the ability of public transportation to connect people to heath care. The objective of this research is to prepare a report on the ways public transportation impacts health and healthcare. The final deliverable should assist public transportation agencies in understanding and communicating the health benefits of public transit as well as the best practices for connecting public transit users to health care jobs and services.


  • English


  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $125000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project J-11, Task 43

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Transit Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Transit Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Schwager, Dianne

  • Start Date: 20211125
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01789442
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project J-11, Task 43
  • Files: TRB, RIP
  • Created Date: Nov 22 2021 3:16PM