Lay People's Understanding about Alcohol and Drug-Related impairment

Many substances, such as alcohol, cannabis, illicit drugs, and some prescription drugs, have the potential to impair driving ability, making it imperative to examine people’s understanding and judgments about these impairing effects and their influence on driving. While previous research has shed some light on this topic, this project aims to fill these gaps in the literature by conducting an experimental study to address lay people’s understanding of alcohol and other drug-impairment and impaired driving: What judgments do lay people make about their own and others’ alcohol and other drug-impairment and impaired driving? How does people’s understanding and/or judgments vary by drug type? What is the influence of situational factors on people’s judgments about alcohol- and other drug-impairment and impaired driving? What is the relationship between people’s level of understanding and their judgments about impairment and alcohol- and other drug-impaired driving? To address these questions, the project will recruit participants from an appropriate existing research panel, develop impaired driving-related vignettes for the experiment, develop a questionnaire that gathers information related to the research questions including participants’ general knowledge and understanding of the issue and their judgments of the vignettes, conduct the data collection, analyze the data and produce a final report on the findings. This research has important implications for the traffic safety and will also be useful in informing future research, developing behavioral safety countermeasures, and improving other impaired driving-related systems and processes.

    Project

    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $772976
    • Contract Numbers:

      693JJ921D000034

      693JJ921F000164

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Jeleniewski, Stacy

    • Performing Organizations:

      ToXcel, LLC

      7140 Heritage Village Plaza
      Gainesville, VA  United States  20155
    • Principal Investigators:

      Jeleniewski, Stacy

    • Start Date: 20210930
    • Expected Completion Date: 20250000
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: Behavioral Safety Research
    • Subprogram: Alcohol Impaired Driving
    • Subprogram: Drug Impaired Driving

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01785023
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    • Contract Numbers: 693JJ921D000034, 693JJ921F000164
    • Files: RIP, USDOT
    • Created Date: Oct 19 2021 4:11PM