Countermeasures for Maintaining Safe and Effective Public Transit Service in the Post-COVID-19 Era

COVID-19 pandemic has changed all the aspects of our daily life dramatically, including the transportation area. Because of the high density of passengers, which could facilitate the virus spread, public transit service has been hit even harder than any other transit mode. At the beginning of the pandemic, to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, countries all adopted several safety measures, including masking, social distancing, as well as stay-at-home orders. All these measures affected public transit and resulted in sharp declines in ridership and revenue. However, with the increase of the vaccination rate, more and more countries started to gradually reopen, and the demand for public transit services also started to bounce back. Therefore, there is a need to investigate how to restore public transit services while minimizing the risk of infection for passengers at the same time. Although many countermeasures and strategies have been applied by different public transit agencies in different countries, and some of which have been approved to be effective, there is a lack of a method for quantitatively evaluating the effectiveness of these countermeasures and assessing their feasibilities. This project is to recommend cost-effective countermeasures for maintaining safe and effective public transit services in Post-COVID-19 era and to develop a method for quantitatively evaluating the effectiveness of these countermeasures. The results of this project can help the public transit agencies to choose the most cost-effective countermeasures and strategies that can prevent the spread of the coronavirus and maintain high-quality public transit service. The research is developed based on the CAMMSE theme of addressing the FAST Act research priority area of “Improving Mobility of People and Goods.” The research is relevant to the CAMMSE research thrust “Develop data modeling and analytical tools to optimize passenger and freight movements.” Specific project objectives include: (a) Review the existing countermeasures on restoring public transit service while keeping passengers safe, (b) Recommend feasible countermeasures, (c) Develop a new method for quantitatively evaluating the effectiveness of the recommended countermeasures, and (d) Conduct a case study to demonstrate the implementation of the developed method.


    • English


    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $89980
    • Contract Numbers:


    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Center for Advanced Multimodal Mobility Solutions and Education

      University of North Carolina, Charlotte
      Charlotte, NC  United States  28223

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      University of North Carolina - Charlotte

      9201 University City Blvd
      Charlotte, North Carolina  United States  28223-0001
    • Project Managers:

      Fan, Wei

    • Performing Organizations:

      Texas Southern University, Houston

      3100 Cleburne Street
      Houston, TX  United States  77004
    • Principal Investigators:

      Qi, Yi

      Azimi, Mehdi

    • Start Date: 20211001
    • Expected Completion Date: 20240930
    • Actual Completion Date: 0

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01784139
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Center for Advanced Multimodal Mobility Solutions and Education
    • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747133
    • Files: UTC, RIP
    • Created Date: Oct 4 2021 12:17PM