Y3R4 - Managing the Growth of Last-Mile Deliveries and Curb Space Demand

According to the United States Census Bureau’s Quarterly E-Commerce Report (USCB, 2018), ECommerce sales in the United States (US) have increased at an average annual rate of 16% in the past two decades. This rapid growth of e-commerce and package/service deliveries is creating new challenges in urban areas. Static strategies, currently utilized in for the most part in urban areas across the US, to manage parking and allocate curb space have not kept pace with the rapid change observed on the demand side. There is a lack of conceptual approaches and analytic methods to manage scarce resources and reduce environmental impacts. This project leverages expertise from two universities, Portland State University (PSU) and University of Minnesota (UMN) and attempts to accomplish these objectives: (1) to model the allocation and benefits of new delivery systems (such as shared lockers) to improve last-mile efficiency, (2) to model the allocation and pricing of existing parking and curb resources, and (3) to outline best practices and policy guidelines to deal with the growth of e-commerce and package/service deliveries. The growth of ecommerce is blurring traditional definitions and categories. This research addresses both the growth of deliveries for services and packages. For example, Uber Eats and Instacart can be considered both meal and grocery delivery services whereas FedEx and UPS are more traditional package delivery companies. Some companies are fleet based (e.g. UPS) whereas others can be crowdsourced (e.g. Instacart), however, both types of companies utilize parking/curb space are within the scope of this research