Drone-based Computer Vision-Enabled Vehicle Dynamic Safety Performance Monitoring for Crash Prediction in RITI Communities

This project aims to develop a series of machine learning-based algorithms using drone-equipped surveillance cameras to automatically detect vehicle dynamic characteristics, such as vehicle speed, headway, and spacing, and then track vehicle trajectories in real-time to better identify and predict traffic crashes to mitigate crash injuries with minimum response time. Specifically, the research team plans to develop a drone-based computer vision-enabled Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to detect and identify individual vehicle dynamics using machine learning approaches. A drone-equipped camera will be used to collect sequential images of various vehicle dynamics and then transfer learning mechanisms will be utilized to train the CNN to detect and classify vehicles in videos captured by drones. A self-calibrated road boundary extraction method based on image sequences will be developed to extract road boundaries and filter vehicles to improve the detection accuracy of vehicle dynamics. Using the results of neural network detection, the team plans to use video-based object tracking to complete the extraction of vehicle trajectory information. Finally, vehicle dynamics and trajectory information will be calculated, and traffic crash potential will be estimated for real-time crash prediction and response time minimization. Using drone-based surveillance camera systems to monitor traffic operation flow conditions and identify crashes dynamically is of great significance for transportation agencies to improve traffic 2 safety performance developing timely countermeasures to mitigate rural crash severities and minimize the rural crash risks and severities in the States of Alaska, Washington, Idaho, and Hawaii.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Status: Proposed
    • Funding: $155000
    • Contract Numbers:

      Grant # 69A3551747129

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      Center for Safety Equity in Transportation

      University of Alaska Fairbanks
      Fairbanks, AK  United States  99775
    • Performing Organizations:

      University of Hawaii, Manoa

      College of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
      2540 Dole Street, Holmes Hall 383
      Honolulu, HI  United States  96822
    • Principal Investigators:

      Zhang, Guohui

      Prevedouros, Panos

      Ma, David

    • Start Date: 20210701
    • Expected Completion Date: 20220731
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01773219
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Center for Safety Equity in Transportation
    • Contract Numbers: Grant # 69A3551747129
    • Files: UTC, RIP
    • Created Date: May 26 2021 3:00PM