Understand the Role of Transportation Infrastructure Investment in Gentrification and Displacement and Identify Effective Policies and Strategies to Address These Effects

Some types of transportation investments in older urbanized areas designed to create a more accessible and attractive community often lead to the displacement of existing residents and businesses as wealthier residents and businesses move in, attracted by the new public investment, and land values and rents increase. Gentrification, as this phenomenon is known, is frequently associated with investments in rail transit and associated transit-oriented development (TOD), although other infrastructure investments can lead to similar market forces. The overall outcome of gentrification and displacement on low-income and minority communities can be housing, job and local business instability that result in longer commutes as well as disruption to social connections and community institutions. Research is needed to examine the role of transportation investment in creating gentrification and the investment decision-making processes that lead to them. Specifically, this research should identify strategies, policies, and data that state departments of transportation can utilize to avoid displacement and the other adverse impacts of gentrification on low-income and minority communities.


  • English


  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $400000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 08-160

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Weeks, Jennifer

  • Start Date: 20210524
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01772194
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 08-160
  • Files: TRB, RIP
  • Created Date: May 24 2021 3:14PM