Transportation Research Related to COVID-19. Assessing the Equity and Workforce Mobility Implications of the Expansion of E-commerce and Direct-to-Consumer Delivery Services

Brick and mortar retail businesses have been declining while on-line shopping and home delivery are increasing. This has intensified during the COVID-19 pandemic, with an increase in demand for home delivery services and the need for new “essential workers” to meet the delivery demands. Workers supporting this service are typically low-income, young, have less job security, and are typically less able to own and maintain a private vehicle, necessary in the delivery business and increasing “gig” economy. The objectives of this research are 1) identify how and to what extent shifts in the economy, including the rise of home delivery services during the pandemic, disproportionately impacts low-income workers, and 2) identify how changes in the economy may affect transportation needs and economic opportunities for low-income communities. Identify how and to what extent shifts in the economy, including the rise of home delivery services during the pandemic, disproportionately impacts low-income workers and affects their travel options and costs, as a private vehicle is increasingly required for these jobs. Auto-ownership is less frequent in low income households, with greater reliance on public transportation. Recently brick and mortar retail businesses have been declining while on-line shopping and home delivery are becoming more popular. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated this trend, with a dramatic increase in demand for home delivery services and resulting new “essential workers”. Although workers supporting this service are typically low-income, young, and have less job security, these populations also are less able to own and maintain a private vehicle, which is becoming more necessary in the delivery business and increasing “gig” economy.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $250000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 23-13(06)

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Wadsworth, Trey

  • Start Date: 20211108
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01767997
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 23-13(06)
  • Files: TRB, RIP
  • Created Date: Mar 22 2021 3:13PM