Improving Environmental Sustainability of Freight Transportation through Shared Mobility Services

Freight trucks, the dominant mode of goods movement in the U.S., represent the second largest share (21%) of the nation’s transportation energy use. They also contribute significantly to greenhouse gas and criteria pollutant emissions from transportation. Truck traffic has been growing nationwide, especially in urban areas, as a result of increased freight demand spurred by international trade and e-commerce. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, vehicle miles traveled (VMT) of freight trucks are expected to increase from 300 billion miles in 2019 to 415 billion miles in 2050. This will put a lot of pressure on the roadway infrastructure, potentially leading to increased traffic congestion, energy consumption, and emissions. Thus, innovative solutions are needed to address the growing freight demand that outpace the rate of expansion in supporting infrastructure. Shared mobility services, which have revolutionized the way people move, have also broken ground in goods movement, e.g., point-to-point (P2P) delivery, paired on-demand passenger ride and courier services, and resource sharing. Conventional delivery companies also have started to use crowd-sourcing for parcel deliveries based on Internet platforms. In 2020, P2P delivery services support the growing online food and grocery delivery industry during Covid-19 pandemic. However, the business models of recent shared mobility services for freight are not focused on reducing energy use or optimizing vehicle utilization. There is great uncertainty regarding the extent to which these new freight mobility services will impact the environment. The research team aims to improve freight vehicle utilization and energy efficiency (productive ton-miles per unit of energy) by modeling and evaluating the innovative shared mobility services for freight. The objectives of the research are to: 1) develop a unique modeling platform with the capabilities to simultaneously simulate both passenger and freight activities and evaluate their mobility and energy impacts over the transportation network; and 2) develop and evaluate existing shared mobility services in the platform for freight, and 3) design an innovative solution to improve the environmental sustainability for shared freight and shared delivery services.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $80000
  • Contract Numbers:

    DOT 69A3551747114

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 
  • Managing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    University of California, Riverside

    1084 Columbia Ave.
    Riverside, CA  United States  92507
  • Project Managers:

    Iacobucci, Lauren

  • Performing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    University of California, Riverside

    1084 Columbia Ave.
    Riverside, CA  United States  92507
  • Principal Investigators:

    Hao, Peng

    Boriboonsomsin, Kanok

  • Start Date: 20210201
  • Expected Completion Date: 20220131
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01767111
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Center for Sustainable Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: DOT 69A3551747114
  • Files: UTC, RIP
  • Created Date: Mar 19 2021 2:16PM