RES2016-31: Alternative Vehicles for Last Mile Freight

This research addresses alternative vehicle use for last mile freight. To overcome the limitation in data availability, an e-trike delivery company was visited, and global positioning system (GPS) data were collected during October and November 2017. The research team used different data analysis approaches to understand the characteristics of the delivery system including, speed, travel distances, travel times, stop locations and durations. Next, the team constructed two simulations to evaluate the costs of the system and estimate the costs if the company utilized vans (all or a mixed fleet) for deliveries for the same e-bike delivery company and a test in Nashville. The team presents the results in different sections. Overall, the associated total costs of a light electric vehicle (LEV)-based delivery system are not dramatically higher than traditional systems. The main factor in cost trade-offs was found to be labor cost. However, along with sustainability initiatives of the system, emissions cost reduces at a large scale. Availability of bike infrastructure, location of distributing center, and density of delivery area are important factors that contribute in competitiveness of a LEV delivery company. With the increase in world population living in urban areas, innovative sustainable solutions are required to address last mile delivery issues in urban cores where there is more traffic congestion and emissions. E-cargo cycles can effectively solve some of these issues by providing less pollutant and reliable modes of transportation for urban logistics. Cities need to evaluate their transportation network and parking policies and investigate the required infrastructure enhancements in their urban cores to provide sufficient space for this type of vehicles.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $99380
  • Contract Numbers:

    RES2016-31

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Tennessee Department of Transportation

    James K. Polk Building
    Fifth and Deaderick Street
    Nashville, TN  United States  37243-0349
  • Managing Organizations:

    Tennessee Department of Transportation

    James K. Polk Building
    Fifth and Deaderick Street
    Nashville, TN  United States  37243-0349
  • Performing Organizations:

    University of Tennessee, Knoxville

    Center for Transportation Research
    Conference Center Building
    Knoxville, TN  United States  37996-4133
  • Principal Investigators:

    Cherry, Christopher

  • Start Date: 20161001
  • Expected Completion Date: 20190930
  • Actual Completion Date: 20190930
  • USDOT Program: Transportation, Planning, Research, and Development

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01764384
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Tennessee Department of Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: RES2016-31
  • Files: RIP, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Feb 4 2021 3:16PM