Crashworthiness Compatibility Investigation of Autonomous Vehicles with Current Passenger Vehicles

This project will propose testing and evaluation criteria to investigate crash compatibility between autonomous and human-driven vehicles, with consideration of different potential crash scenarios. Finite element computer models will then be utilized to conduct predictive simulations investigating potential cases of impacts between human-driven and autonomous vehicles. Current regulations defining IIHS testing criteria will be investigated to determine how the newly proposed testing conditions might need to be modified to address the worst-case testing scenario, such as maximizing the potential for occupant compartment deformation and intrusion during the crash event. Testing evaluation criteria might also have to be modified to address potential different occupant compartment deformation or areas intrusion. Recently approved autonomous vehicles types on US roads do not have an occupant compartment. They are used instead for good distribution, requiring a different, more compact and stiffer design, with very little room for deformation during an actual crash. The research team is planning to investigate the current IIHS crash compatibility regulations and propose testing criteria for addressing crash compatibility between most vulnerable human passenger cars and different classes of autonomous vehicles, ranging from small (~1,800-lbs) to large (~10,000- lbs.) sizes. This project would support potential testing criteria to be proposed to complement the current testing needs for the IIHS by exploring the most critical among different impact scenarios (side, rear, frontal), with varying speeds and inclusion of virtual dummies (as human-vehicles occupants).

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $107,000
  • Contract Numbers:

    69A3551747115

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Safety through Disruption University Transportation Center

    Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
    Blacksburg, VA  United States  24060
  • Project Managers:

    Glenn, Eric

  • Performing Organizations:

    Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI)

    400 Harvey Mitchell Parkway South
    Suite 300
    College Station, TX  United States  77845-4375
  • Principal Investigators:

    Silvestri Dobrovolny, Chiara

  • Start Date: 20201210
  • Expected Completion Date: 20211211
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01762302
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Safety through Disruption University Transportation Center
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747115
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Jan 15 2021 1:00AM