Transportation as a Disease Vector – A Modeling Approach

Transportation plays a major role in the global spread of disease. It increases the range of movement and the spatial diversity of the infected and exposed individuals, and in the case of public transportation, forces people into prolonged contact in a confined, closed environment. Public transportation vehicles and infrastructure can also facilitate the indirect transmission of pathogens. This study extends traditional epidemiological models by specifically addressing the indirect disease transmission mechanism in the transportation context, by addressing infections that occur when vulnerable people become infected through contact with fomites. A stochastic agent-based modeling approach that models' infections due to local person-to-person and person-to-vehicle interactions was used in this study to assess the potential impact of policies such as vehicle disinfection or social distancing.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $25000
  • Contract Numbers:

    69A3551747128

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Center for Advanced Researchh in Transportation Emissionss, Energy and Health

    Texas A&M Transportation Instiitute
    College Station, Texas  United States  77843
  • Project Managers:

    Sanchez, Kristen

  • Performing Organizations:

    Texas Transportation Institute

    Texas A&M University System
    3135 TAMU
    College Station, TX  United States  77843-3135
  • Principal Investigators:

    Zietsman, Josias

  • Start Date: 20200301
  • Expected Completion Date: 20210331
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers
  • Source Data: 04-35-TTI

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01762553
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for Advancing Research in Transportation Emissions, Energy, and Health
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747128
  • Files: UTC, RIP
  • Created Date: Jan 14 2021 9:16AM