Impacts of Connected Vehicles and Automated Vehicles on State and Local Transportation Agencies--Task-Order Support. Land Use Impacts of Shared and Private AVs

The research team will summarize existing literature and document the current state of the art in land use and urban planning models. The research will identify the necessary components of land-use models that need to be modified to consider differences between private AVs and shared AVs. The research team should identify the current best-practice assumptions when evaluating differences of traveler behavior and location decisions for live/work/play. These assumptions may be taken from existing survey research done on people’s willingness to share rides on existing TNCs/AVs and the factors that affect that decision (e.g., cost differences, length of wait time, length of time to destination, etc.). The research team will make any necessary changes to the planning modeling tools to factor in effects of ridesharing in AVs. The research should characterize the key changes to each component of the land use and locational selection modeling process and examine several potential alternative realities for several test locations. For example, tests could include predictions in several of the nation’s major MPOs with different characteristics, such as: (1) Dense urban (e.g., Washington, D.C.) (2) Sprawling suburban (e.g., Phoenix, AZ) (3) Interurban (e.g., Dallas-Fort Worth, TX) (4) Coastal (e.g., Los Angeles, CA) (5) Low density (e.g., Boise, ID) The research should provide the level and types of changes of land use results on a scale of the level of market penetration of shared AVs within each of the studied representative community. The research should also test varying levels of multi-modal transportation infrastructure and service within each representative community. Results of modeling the land use patterns within each representative community will show the population changes (changes in where people live), the changes of different industry work locations, and changes of locations for entertainment, retail, and other private services. The research team will summarize the collected information and provide a guidance for local, state, and federal policy makers to understand the effects of different market penetrations of shared AVs and the subsequent land use zoning decisions.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $450000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 20-102(34)

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Start Date: 20210324
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01754937
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 20-102(34)
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Oct 19 2020 3:09PM