Impacts of Connected Vehicles and Automated Vehicles on State and Local Transportation Agencies--Task-Order Support. Land Use Impacts of Shared and Private AVs

With growing use of automated vehicles (AVs), significant changes to travel behavior and the built environment are anticipated. With private AVs, people may be less likely to live close to work, less likely to travel by non-vehicular modes, and may travel longer distances as cost of time spent traveling decreases. Transportation and land use planners need to consider a variety of future realities that are dependent on the usage of private versus shared AVs. AV technology is predicted to impact the location choices for people’s homes and company offices. As AVs take away the attention cost of driving, people are more likely to look for housing outside of city centers, in suburban and rural areas where land is cheaper and space is attractive, if these places are well connected by transportation networks. The overall effect of this sprawl may be dependent upon policies that curb private AV ownership or prohibit it entirely. In addition, AVs may eventually lead to less space needed for parking and may require less right-of-way altogether. There may be changes in the way that private and public land developers recapture unnecessary parking spaces and public right-of-way. This project will evaluate the impact of shared AVs within both urban and rural communities, including the impacts on multi-modal transportation and land use infrastructure design. The goal of this project is to provide planners with an understanding of how policies and investments into encouraging shared AVs could impact the changes of land use patterns within different urban or rural contexts. This project should build upon modeling tools and strategies developed in the 20-102 research program, by USDOT, and/or other regional infrastructure owner-operators (IOOs). It should also complement NCHRP Report 924, Foreseeing the Impact of Transformational Technologies on Land Use and Transportation (http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/179645.aspx).

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $450000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 20-102(34)

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Start Date: 20201019
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01754937
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 20-102(34)
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Oct 19 2020 3:09PM