Travel Behavior in E-Commerce–Shopping, Purchasing and Receiving

E-commerce is defined as any type of consumption that takes place via an online platform. The most common type of e-commerce is online shopping. The emergence of online shopping has transformed where and how goods are produced, distributed, and sold, and how consumers make purchases as well as shopping travel decisions. The rise in e-commerce has been rapid. In the US, the market share of online shopping has increased from about 3.7% in 2008 to 9.5% in 2018, and the volume of online shopping is increasing at a rate of 11% per year. The impact of e-shopping on freight distribution is clear: as large deliveries to retail establishments are replaced with dispersed deliveries to households, freight deliveries become less efficient. The impact on consumer travel is less clear; if e-shopping eliminates in-store trips, there are savings in consumer travel. However, there may not be a one to one substitution of shopping trips, and the time saved from shopping travel may be used to travel for other purposes. To the extent that freight or passenger travel increases, e-shopping has social and environmental impacts on cities, such as congestion, pedestrian safety, air pollution. It is therefore important to better understand e-shopping behavior and address the inefficiencies of e-shopping deliveries. More research is necessary to better understand e-shopping behavior and address the inefficiencies of e-shopping deliveries. This project will examine e-shopping behavior, with the main focus on deliveries. The researchers will conduct surveys to elicit detailed information on e-shopping behavior. By collecting first-hand data on how people manage the receipt of goods purchased online, the researchers will develop a better understanding of the overall travel and environmental impacts of e-shopping. Furthermore, various innovative strategies have been introduced to reduce the negative impacts of home delivery, such as pick-up points or automated locker facilities. This project will also investigate the uptake and effectiveness of those strategies. Choice models will be utilized to estimate how demographics, product characteristics and shipping constraints affect the decision to e-shop, as well as the choice of delivery speed and location.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $105000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Caltrans 65A0686 Task Order 050

    USDOT 69A3551747114

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    California Department of Transportation

    1227 O Street
    Sacramento, CA  United States  95843

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    METRANS Transportation Center

    University of Southern California
    Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089-0626
  • Project Managers:

    Iacobucci, Lauren

  • Performing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    METRANS Transportation Center

    University of Southern California
    Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089-0626
  • Principal Investigators:

    Giuliano, Genevieve

  • Start Date: 20200816
  • Expected Completion Date: 20210815
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01748105
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Center for Sustainable Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: Caltrans 65A0686 Task Order 050, USDOT 69A3551747114
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Aug 19 2020 2:26PM