Displacement and Commuting in the San Francisco Bay Area and Beyond: An Analysis of the Relationship Between the Housing Crisis, Displacement, and Long Commutes

California's Central Valley has several metropolitan areas within the top ten of highest share of supercommuters in the U.S. The Central Valley region is adjacent to the high-tech hubs of the San Francisco Bay Area, which has some of the highest housing prices in the country. Some Bay Area residents have moved to the Central Valley to seek lower-cost housing, perhaps at the tradeoff of a long commute. This project proposes to analyze the link between residential moves from the Bay Area to Central Valley communities and the share of supercommuting over time. Supercommuting, defined for this project as one-way commutes of over 90 minutes or 50 miles, has been shown to negatively affect individuals' health and incur societal and economic costs, including absenteeism at work and lack of local civic participation. This project will bring together the three best available data sources on commuting (travel surveys, the American Community Survey, and the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics Origin-Destination Employment Statistics). We will use these data sources to descriptively and statistically understand the incidence of supercommuting in these regions over time. We will also identify who bears the burden of increased supercommuting: high income or low income persons, young or old, white or non-white. We will also segment supercommuting by industry. The results of this research will be pivotal for transportation professionals and urban planners seeking to better understand commuting trends, their causes, and potential planning and policy options.


    • English


    • Status: Completed
    • Funding: $Caltrans- $78,837.00 and USDOT- $21,803.00
    • Sponsor Organizations:

      California Department of Transportation

      1227 O Street
      Sacramento, CA  United States  95843

      Department of Transportation

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      METRANS Transportation Center

      University of Southern California
      Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089-0626
    • Project Managers:

      Brinkerhoff, Cort

    • Performing Organizations:

      University of Southern California, Los Angeles

      University Park Campus
      Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089
    • Principal Investigators:

      Boarnet, Marlon

    • Start Date: 20200816
    • Expected Completion Date: 20210815
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers
    • Source Data: https://metrans.org/research/displacement-and-commuting-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area-and-beyond-an-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-the-housing-crisis-displacement-and-long-commutes

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01745028
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: METRANS Transportation Center
    • Files: RIP
    • Created Date: Jul 13 2020 8:23PM