Improving Moped and Seated Motor Scooter (50 cc or less) Rider Safety

Despite having similar risks and roadway safety challenges, mopeds and seated motor scooters are seldom held to the same safety and training standards and considerations as motorcycles. In the United States, most of the states only require a standard driver license to operate a moped or seated motor scooter, and few states have universal moped or seated scooter helmet legislation. As a result, there is a public perception of mopeds and seated motor scooters that is fundamentally different from motorcycles when it comes to safety precautions such as the use of personal protective gear, most importantly helmets. Although motorcycles can travel at higher speeds, some mopeds and seated motor scooters can exceed speeds of 30 mph, and their riders are also susceptible to severe and fatal injuries.  There are few studies on the risk factors and negative outcomes associated with moped and seated motor scooter use in the United States. As a result, there is also a lack of resources for officials tasked with enacting and enforcing moped and seated motor scooter safety policies. Research is needed to investigate safety issues unique to moped and seated motor scooter riding and to connect those findings with intervention strategies, practical policy recommendations, and educational programs.  The objective of this research is to produce a report and supporting tools that will (1) document the patterns of moped and seated motor scooter use (e.g., 50 cc and 30mph / 50kph or less) and identify user profiles; (2) document the nature and extent of the risk factors associated with moped and seated motor scooter for on-road use; (3) develop tools for both decision makers and the general public that provide recommended safety improvements based on the identified risk factors; and (4) develop model licensing and training requirements for moped and seated motor scooter riders that limit risk factors. The BTSCRP is seeking the insights of proposers on how best to achieve the research objective. Proposers are expected to describe research plans that can realistically be accomplished within the constraints of available funds and contract time. Proposals must present the proposers' current thinking in sufficient detail to demonstrate their understanding of the issues and the soundness of their approach to meeting the research objective. The research plan should delineate the tasks required to document the nature and extent of the risk factors associated with moped and seated motor scooter use, and to develop educational materials, licensing recommendations, and entry level training requirements that mitigate risk. At a minimum, the tasks should address the following: (1) Document the extents and patterns of moped and seated motor scooter use (e.g., 50 cc and 30mph / 50kph or less) and user profiles (owners, borrowers, and renters); (2) Summarize what is known about moped and seated motor scooter crashes and injuries to determine the nature and extent of the risks associated with these vehicles in different settings; (3) Determine the most recent number of registered mopeds and seated motor scooters by state and current insurance coverage requirements; (4) Develop tools that provide information and potential mitigations for the risk factors associated with moped and seated motor scooter use (e.g., intervention strategies, performance metrics, proposed policy changes); and (5) Develop model licensing and training requirements for moped and seated motor scooter riders and vehicles that limit risk factors.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $350000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project BTS-19

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Behavioral Traffic Safety Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Governors Highway Safety Association

    444 N. Capitol Street, NW, Suite 722
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Rogers, William

  • Start Date: 20210713
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01744478
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project BTS-19
  • Files: TRB, RIP
  • Created Date: Jun 29 2020 3:06PM