Impacts of Transportation Emissions on the Risk of Mortality: Findings from the Literature and Policy Implications

Externalities from transportation, and in particular exposure to vehicle emissions have been considered a possible cause of several negative health outcomes including mortality. However, the existing findings are too inconsistent to drive a well-founded exposure-response function to be fully exploited to curb the negative impacts of transportation systems on public health. In this study, the research team investigates the association between exposure to air pollution and mortality. The team then evaluates how using different air quality methods may result in detecting different health outcomes. The team conducted an analysis of reviewing a representative sample of main published studies that specifically focused on the association between vehicle air pollution and mortality. The expected contribution of this study is to find whether using different exposure approaches cause differences in reported health outcomes and whether sophisticated approaches have also resulted in more accurate epidemiological inferences. The outcome of this study will contribute to discussions of investing in expensive sophisticated air pollution methods and allows for the evaluation of benefits from the change in adverse health outcomes due to vehicle emissions and the determination of whether the investments are justifiable.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $8949
  • Contract Numbers:

    69A3551747119

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    USDOT/OST-R

    Washington DC,   United States 
  • Project Managers:

    Kline, Robin

  • Performing Organizations:

    Center for Transportation, Environment, and Community Health

    Cornell University
    Ithaca, NY  United States  14853
  • Principal Investigators:

    Gao, H

  • Start Date: 20191001
  • Expected Completion Date: 20200930
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01730922
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for Transportation, Environment, and Community Health
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747119
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Feb 14 2020 1:50PM