Evaluation of Transportation Network Infrastructure, Safety, and Travel Route Characteristics of Bike Share, Electric-Powered Pedal-Assist Bike Share, and Electric Scooter System Operation

An emerging trend in U.S. cities is wide-scale availability of Mobility as a Service (MaaS) trip making options for a variety of trip purposes. MaaS is revolutionizing urban trip making and is credited with travel that is more convenient, more sustainable, more tech-savvy and more customer service oriented. MaaS includes rapidly expanding bike share, electric-powered pedal-assist bicycles (e-bikes) and electric powered scooters (e-scooters) systems. Individual rideshare MaaS systems are proliferating across U.S. cities in response to unmet demand for convenient mobility in short distance (3-mile, or less) urban trip making and first-mile/last-mile options for public transit travel. Using global positioning system (GPS) tracking data, user demographic information, transportation network conditions, and traffic operations data, a comparative Geographic Information System (GIS) research investigation will be conducted, in cooperation with private mobility as a service (MaaS) partners, focusing on the following objectives: (1) establish a better understanding of these travel modes to accommodate shared mobility demand; (2) identify operational patterns of use of the transportation network infrastructure; (3) catalogue critical elements of system implementation to be addressed by local jurisdictions; and (4) evaluate potential for serving as an effective countermeasure to urban network congestion for mid-size cities.