Sustainable and Smart-growth City Ranking: Multifaceted Transportation Performance Measures in Smart Cities

The concept of a smart city is fast becoming a key instrument in transforming living environments in a way better to enhance the operational efficiency of a transportation system. This study identifies a framework to assess transportation performance measures and smart-growth of cities around the U.S. The proposed assessment framework is comprised of the evaluation of individual criterion and the assessment of comprehensive results. The criteria are categorized into four groups including network performance, traffic safety, environmental impact, and physical activity. This study provides a multifaceted approach to integrate the criteria’s performance measures. As a case example, the proposed performance measures were examined for forty-six cities in the U.S. and the required data were gathered from multiple sources. A multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) method was employed to integrate and evaluate the score associated with each city. The output of the framework contains a sustainable and smart-growth ranking of the selected cities as well as uncertainty and sensitivity analysis. The sensitivity analysis was utilized to determine the quantity that each performance measure or weighting factor requires to alter the smart-growth score. It has been illustrated that the dominancy between reversible pairs in the ranking are critically sensitive for almost 15% of cases. The results of the proposed framework can be an effective decision supporting tool in analyzing traffic management strategies. Results from the score sensitivity calculation indicate that the proposed framework can be adopted in multifaceted transportation system performance in the sustainable and smart-growth of cities.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $61643
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC-18-1

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Project Managers:

    Dunn, Denise

  • Performing Organizations:

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Principal Investigators:

    OH, Jun-Seok

    Kwigizile, Valerian

  • Start Date: 20190401
  • Expected Completion Date: 20190930
  • Actual Completion Date: 20190930
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program
  • Subprogram: Research

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01722966
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC-18-1
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Nov 19 2019 4:38PM