Guidance to Promote Workplace Policies and Family Rules to Reduce Cell Phone Use While Driving and Promote Engaged Driving

Distraction while driving is a significant cause of crashes resulting in fatalities and serious injuries. Distracted driving may be more prevalent among young drivers who are already at greater risk for crashes due to novice driving skills. One source of distraction is using a cell phone. Communication (both spoken and typed) is a primary function of cell phones, and such communication is distracting because it takes the driver’s eyes off the road and pulls their attention from the driving task. Safe driving requires the driver to be engaged in the driving task. The family and workplace contexts offer two important opportunities to address cell phone use while driving and promote engaged driving. Families can establish rules about never using a cell phone while driving and never communicating using a phone with a family member who is driving. Workplaces can establish similar policies. Guidance to reach families and workplaces is needed for traffic safety practitioners to promote engaged driving – driving free of distractions like cell phones. The objectives of this project are to identify strategies for families and workplaces that foster engaged driving (i.e., practices that promote engagement by the driver in the driving task). Specifically, the project will seek to answer the following questions: • How do expectations within families and workplaces influence cell phone use while driving? • What beliefs and attitudes need to shift to change these expectations and increase engaged driving? • What are potentially effective strategies (and associated messages) to promote engaged driving within families and workplaces to reduce cell phone use?


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $151968
  • Contract Numbers:



  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Montana Department of Transportation

    2701 Prospect Avenue
    P.O. Box 201001
    Helena, MT  United States  59620-1001

    California Department of Transportation

    1227 O Street
    Sacramento, CA  United States  95843

    Connecticut Department of Transportation

    2800 Berlin Turnpike
    Newington, CT  United States  06131

    Idaho Transportation Department

    P.O. Box 7129, 3311 West State Street
    Boise, ID  United States  83707-1129

    Iowa Department of Transportation

    800 Lincoln Way
    Ames, IA  United States  50010

    Illinois Department of Transportation

    300 W. Adams Street, 2nd Floor
    Chicago, IL  United States  60606

    Indiana Department of Transportation

    1101 State Office Building
    Indianapolis, IN  United States  46204

    Louisiana Department of Transportation

    P.O. Box 94245
    1201 Capitol Access Road
    Baton Rouge, LA  United States  70804-9245

    New Hampshire Department of Transportation

    John O. Morton Building
    P.O. Box 483
    Concord, NH  United States  03302-0483

    Nevada Department of Transportation

    1263 South Stewart Street
    Carson City, NV  United States  89712

    Texas Department of Transportation

    11th and Brazos Streets
    Austin, TX  United States  78701

    Utah Department of Transportation

    4501 South 2700 West
    Project Development
    Salt Lake City, UT  United States  84114-8380

    Vermont Agency of Transportation

    219 North Main Street
    Barre, VT  United States  05641

    Washington State Department of Transportation

    Transportation Building
    Olympia, WA  United States  98504
  • Managing Organizations:

    Montana Department of Transportation

    2701 Prospect Avenue
    P.O. Box 201001
    Helena, MT  United States  59620-1001
  • Project Managers:

    Sillick, Susan

  • Performing Organizations:

    Montana State University, Western Transportation Institute

    P.O. Box 174250
    Bozeman, MT  United States  59717
  • Principal Investigators:

    Otto, Jay

  • Start Date: 20190621
  • Expected Completion Date: 20210930
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01713731
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Montana Department of Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: 8882-309-16, TPF-5(309)
  • Files: RIP, STATEDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 13 2019 11:10AM