The Effects of Transportation Fuel Subsidies on Air Quality

Gasoline consumption is a significant source of air pollution, a major environmental concern in urban areas, and an important issue for transportation policy. Gasoline taxes have been touted by many economists as an efficient and relatively simple tool to address environmental concerns and other problems associated with gasoline consumption. However, rather than removing subsidies and increasing gasoline taxes, many countries still subsidize gasoline, which may have the opposite effect of exacerbating the environmental concerns and other problems associated with gasoline consumption. The prevalence of gasoline subsidies worldwide and the fall in the global mean gasoline tax may increase gasoline consumption and exacerbate the air pollution associated with gasoline consumption. However, whether gasoline subsidies actually increase air pollution and the effects of gasoline subsidies on different air pollutants, empirical questions remain open and are not fully addressed in the previous literature, particularly for oil-rich countries in the Middle East and North Africa that have the lowest net taxes. For this research, the researcher proposes to evaluate the effects of transportation fuel subsidies on air quality using economic and econometric modeling. In particular, they will analyze the impact of the Iranian energy subsidy reform on air quality using a regression discontinuity design.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $25000
  • Contract Numbers:

    69A3551747114

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    University of California, Davis

    Institute of Transportation Studies
    Davis, CA  United States  95616
  • Project Managers:

    lacobucci, Lauren

  • Performing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    University of California, Davis

    Institute of Transportation Studies
    Davis, CA  United States  95616
  • Principal Investigators:

    Kheiravar, Khaled

  • Start Date: 20180701
  • Expected Completion Date: 20190630
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01709658
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Center for Sustainable Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747114
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Jun 28 2019 12:21PM