Energy Efficient Transportation Modeling

As concerns about climate change increase, many people are calling for reductions in the use of fossil fuels and encouraging a shift to more sustainable and less-polluting transportation modes. Cities and urban areas are more concerned because their population comprises over half of the world’s population currently. Roadway congestion levels began to rise again along with the US economy’s recovery from the most recent recession. Congestion levels have not only returned to the pre-recession levels of 2000 and before, but they are now even greater, causing more congestion problems. By 2014, congestion had caused travel delay to increase to 6.9 billion hours per year, up from 5.2 billion hours per year in 2000. Additionally, congestion costs increased by nearly $46 billion between 2000 and 2014, reaching $160 billion in 2014. Sustainable transportation modes such as cycling, walking, and use of public transit and electric vehicles can benefit the environment in many ways, including the reduction of toxic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and noise levels. Moreover, decreasing the number of SOVs will decrease the congestion levels, the travel delays, and the incurred travel costs. In this work the research team focuses three energy-efficient modes of transportation, namely, cycling, and rail. First, cycling is emerging as a sustainable mode of transportation with growing acceptance and popularity. This dictated a need for more planning to support it as a trending transportation mode. This depends greatly on understanding cyclists' behaviors, which requires more research into cyclist behavior modeling. Second, rail is one of the safest modes of transportation which draws more people from using cars to avoid congestion. It reduces the travel costs incurred due to using a vehicle instead. Moreover, It helps alleviates the problem of greenhouse gas emissions.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $100000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Grant 69A43551747123

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Urban Mobility & Equity Center

    Morgan State University
    Baltimore, MD  United States  21251
  • Principal Investigators:

    Rakha, Hesham

  • Start Date: 20190401
  • Expected Completion Date: 20200331
  • Actual Completion Date: 20200530

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01707483
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Urban Mobility & Equity Center
  • Contract Numbers: Grant 69A43551747123
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Jun 3 2019 1:32PM