Analysis of Fare Evasion Implications and Enforcement Approaches

Fare evasion involves travelling on public transit without purchasing or possessing the required fare media needed to travel. It is a criminal offense in most jurisdictions, though many are now examining decriminalization of the offense. Fare evasion has been examined in the media with questions regarding how the fare evasion rate is calculated and how fare evasion is equally enforced. Fare evasion has also received the scrutiny of the Federal Transit Administration, and could have an impact on non-farebox passengers within the context of National Transit Database ridership reporting or be reflected in the appearance of declines in transit ridership. To understand fare evasion, it is imperative to first understand the definitions of fare evasion across North America, determine the methods transit properties use to calculate fare evasion rates, and establish how transit properties enforce fare evasion and the penalties imposed on fare evaders. The objective of this research is to prepare a report on the status and expected near-term initiatives in fare evasion and fare evasion enforcement. The final deliverable should assist transit agencies to better understand the methods used to calculate the fare evasion rate and cost, the implications of fare evasion, and the effectiveness and impacts of fare evasion policies.


  • English


  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $150000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project A-45

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Transit Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Transit Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Parker, Stephan

  • Start Date: 20190108
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01690652
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project A-45
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Jan 7 2019 3:04PM