Technology, Sustainability, and Marketing of Battery Electric and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Medium- and Heavy-Duty Trucks and Buses in 2020-2040

The California Sustainable Freight Action Plan includes goals of deploying over 100,000 zero emission vehicles (ZEV) and equipment, maximizing near-zero emission freight vehicles by 2030, and improving freight system efficiency 25 percent by 2030. In addition, the California Air Resources Board is considering a ZEV truck mandate in which ZEV trucks would be powered by either batteries or fuel cells. The choice of ZEV vehicle technology will depend on a variety of considerations and may vary by application. Understanding the benefits and barriers associated with each technology will be critical to ensuring that sustainable freight goals are met in a cost effective and viable manner. This study compares hydrogen fuel cell and battery electric trucks across a variety of applications including short haul drayage, medium-duty (MD) urban, vocational, and long haul. The comparisons will include vehicle capital cost, fueling infrastructure considerations, operating costs such as fuel and maintenance, and truck utility for particular applications. Goals will include understanding which technology is best suited for specific applications, what is a reasonable rate of market penetration for ZEVs, and how continued improvements in battery and hydrogen storage technologies will reduce barriers to sales of ZEV MD/heavy-duty (HD) vehicles.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $88297
  • Contract Numbers:

    Caltrans 65A0686 Task Order 004

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    California Department of Transportation

    1227 O Street
    Sacramento, CA  United States  95843

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    University of California, Davis

    Institute of Transportation Studies
    Davis, CA  United States  95616
  • Project Managers:

    Iacobucci, Lauren

  • Performing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Miller, Marshall

    Burke, Andrew

  • Start Date: 20181201
  • Expected Completion Date: 20191130
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01687867
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Center for Sustainable Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: Caltrans 65A0686 Task Order 004
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Dec 7 2018 5:27PM