Exposure to STEM: Diversity in Maritime Transportation

Although the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision in the case of Brown vs. Board of Education declared state laws establishing segregated public schools unconstitutional, in 1957 Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus tried to prevent nine African American students from attending school at Little Rock Central High School (LRCHS). Faubus’ attempt to block access to the students, using the Arkansas National Guard, resulted in President Eisenhower using soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, to escort the students into the high school. Even though all students, regardless of race, can now attend public schools, segregation in a different form is still very evident when considering Advanced Placement (AP) classes. The lack of students from underrepresented minorities is especially evident in AP classes affiliated with the Science, Engineering, Technology, and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines.


    • English


    • Status: Completed
    • Funding: $45000
    • Contract Numbers:


    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Department of Transportation

      Office of the Secretary
      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      Maritime Transportation Research and Education Center

      University of Arkansas
      Fayetteville, AR  United States  72701
    • Performing Organizations:

      University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

      4190 Bell Engineering
      Civil Engineering
      Fayetteville, Arkansas  United States  72701
    • Principal Investigators:

      Coffman, Richard

    • Start Date: 20180813
    • Expected Completion Date: 20190930
    • Actual Completion Date: 20190930
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01681641
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Maritime Transportation Research and Education Center
    • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747130
    • Files: UTC, RIP
    • Created Date: Sep 21 2018 1:01PM