Long-term evaluation of prestress losses in concrete bridges using long-gauge fiber optic sensors

One of the most important aspects of a prestressed concrete structure is the distribution of the prestressing force along the structure, both at transfer and in the long term. Time-dependent prestress losses are expected to occur in prestressed concrete due to both strand relaxation and dimensional changes in the concrete caused by creep and shrinkage. Thus, these losses are accounted for in the design based on guidelines set by design codes. However, prestress losses larger than predicted by design can have adverse effcts on the structure, where stresses exceed the capacity of the structure at a lower load than predicted. Thus, monitoring of prestress losses will indicate valuable information regarding the performance and health condition of the structure. However, long-term monitoring of the prestress loss is challenging due to (1) variable on-site conditions, in particular (but not only) temperature, that affect both the structure and the monitoring system, (2) rheological effects in the concrete and prestressing strands, such as creep, shrinkage, and relaxation, that interfere with mechanical effects and affect data analysis, (3) presence of pre-release cracks that affects the distribution of the strain in the structure, and also affects the data analysis, and (4) inherent uncertainties related to the reliability and accuracy of the monitoring system and the estimation of mechanical and geometrical parameters of concrete. The outcomes of the project will be (1) the methodology for determination of long-term prestress loss using long-gauge fiber optic sensors, and (2) validation method for long-term temperature and strain measurements used for the analysis.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $ 149218
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC28

    CAIT-UTC-NC48

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation

    Rutgers University
    100 Brett Road
    Piscataway, NJ  United States  08854-8058

    New Jersey Department of Transportation

    1035 Parkway Avenue
    Trenton, NJ  United States  08625
  • Project Managers:

    Szary, Patrick

    Kasbekar, Nagnath

  • Performing Organizations:

    Princeton University

    Department of Civil Engineering
    Princeton, NJ  United States  08450
  • Principal Investigators:

    Glisic, Branko

  • Start Date: 20160701
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180831
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01677601
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC28, CAIT-UTC-NC48
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Aug 10 2018 1:33PM