The Influence of Infrastructure Design on Distracted Driving

Traffic Safety Facts (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 2017) reported that 37,461 people were killed in crashes on U.S. roadways during 2016.  Of these fatalities, 3,450 were in distraction-affected crashes, or 9.2% of total fatalities.  The occurrence of distracted driving behaviors can be strongly influenced by features of the external world through which the person is driving.  Some important features in this external world are built structures, and it would be useful to determine the relationships between the presence or absence of different built structures and the occurrence of distracted driving.  The Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) contains second-by-second data on what happened to 3,500+ drivers, logging 32.5 million miles, experiencing 1,600 crashes and 2,900 near crashes, on 12,000 roadway centerline miles.  With the NDS, the instrumented drivers and vehicles, coupled with detailed visual recordings of the environment can be used to determine what drivers really do, what were they doing just before they crashed, how they avoided a crash, and how do the roadway, vehicle, and environment impact driving. The objective of this research is to: (1) evaluate the association between distracted driver behavior and infrastructure features by analyzing the Roadway Information Database in the NDS; (2) develop a research roadmap to determine whether technology could be developed to automatically detect distracted driver behavior in a smart city location; and (3) field test a technology in a smart city location. 

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $250000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project BTS-09

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Behavioral Traffic Safety Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Governors Highway Safety Association

    444 N. Capitol Street, NW, Suite 722
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Rogers, William

  • Start Date: 20180709
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01674400
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project BTS-09
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Jul 2 2018 9:03PM