Quick-Response Research on Long-Term Strategic Issues. Task 31. Guidance for Trading, Sharing, and Selling Public Transit Data - Now and in the Future

The objective of this research is to develop guidance for public transportation agencies to (1) better understand the potential uses and value of data generated by public transportation, now and in the future, and (2) be prepared to enter into agreements with entities to trade, share, and sell data. The research deliverable should address: (1) Transit data: What types of data currently collected (and anticipated to be collected) by transit agencies may have value to others? What additional data could transit agencies collect that may be useful and valuable? Would standardization of transit data enhance its value to others? (For example, if all transit fare box data were available in a standardized format, would it be more usable or of greater value to other entities?) Is there a difference in the value of individual transit agency data streams vs. cumulative (i.e., multiagency or industry-wide) transit data streams? (2) Data from others: What data are currently collected (or may be collected in the near future) by other entities that would be useful to transit agencies? How can transit agencies and the communities they serve use these data? Which entities collect these data and what are the relationships between transit agencies and these entities? (3) Customers and partners: What types of entities may be willing to trade, share, or buy data from transit agencies now and/or in the next decade? What private sector companies are seeking transit data and what is that data worth? Are there other public sector entities that trade or sell their data to the private sector that could serve as models for public transit agencies? What types of data are exchanged and what types of agreements exist among these entities regarding data exchange? (4) Data value: How much value might the various types of transit data have? Are there entities currently making money using transit data? If so, which ones and how is the data being used? How will the growth of Mobility as a Service (MaaS) affect the demand for and value of transit agency data? What are the tradeoffs between selling data and openly sharing data; how should such tradeoffs be resolved? (5) Tools: How can transit agencies market their data to others? What tools can transit agencies use to better negotiate with an entity to trade, share, and sell data? How can transit agencies improve their bargaining power regarding the exchange of data? Should transit agencies form joint ventures with universities or private entities to process the raw data that transit agencies collect, so as to increase its utility and value? (6) Barriers: What barriers exist to trading, sharing, and selling public transit data, including federal regulations, state public records laws, Freedom of Information Act, or other regulations? What potential privacy concerns are there related to the collection and exchange of transit agency data, particularly with respect to passenger and employee data, and how can these concerns be mitigated? Are there technological barriers that are likely to affect the collection or monetization of transit agency data?


  • English


  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $90000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project J-11, Task 31

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Transit Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Transit Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Schwager, Dianne

  • Start Date: 20181101
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01674390
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project J-11, Task 31
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Jul 2 2018 9:03PM