Synthesis of Studies that Relate Amount of Enforcement Activity to Safety Outcomes

A basic question concerning the amount of enforcement needed to generate a deterrent effect on behavior is how much is enough. What makes this question particularly difficult to answer is that the deterrent effect of enforcement activity will likely vary from location to location due to a number of site characteristics such as geography, demographic composition and community attitudes. Ideally, local communities would answer based upon their needs and characteristics, but many localities would have difficulty generating a valid quantitative measure of enforcement and associated publicity due to the expertise and resources required. A good starting point would be to review the existing research literature that relates enforcement activity and publicity about enforcement to traffic safety outcomes. The objective of this project is to determine if there is sufficient information to conduct a meta-analysis or systematic review that would assess the relationship between level of enforcement and traffic safety outcomes.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This study is being conducted under the National Cooperative Research and Evaluation Program (NCREP), which is administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and jointly managed by NHTSA and the Governors Highway Safety Association.

Project

  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $290000
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTNH2215V00014

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, D.C.  United States  20590

    Governors Highway Safety Association

    444 N. Capitol Street, NW, Suite 722
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Managing Organizations:

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Smither, DeReece

  • Performing Organizations:

    Volpe National Transportation Systems Center

    55 Broadway
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02142
  • Principal Investigators:

    Smither, DeReece

  • Start Date: 20180201
  • Expected Completion Date: 20200930
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: Behavioral Safety Research
  • Subprogram: Law Enforcement
  • Subprogram: NCREP

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01664047
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH2215V00014
  • Files: RiP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 21 2018 1:11PM