Reduction of Structural Damage from the Thermal Expansion of Concrete Using Multifunctional Materials

Control of thermal expansion is a critical goal of engineering design in a wide range of applications, particularly in cases where system components are small, are subject to large changes (gradients) in temperatures, or require extreme dimensional stability over a wide range of temperatures. In particular, the thermal expansion of concrete plays a significant role in the durability of the transportation infrastructure and causes misalignment, cracking, and structural failure. As such, the objective of this study is to improve the durability and extend the life of transportation infrastructure using multifunctional materials. This research aims to use high-performance materials such as shape memory components to address the issue of thermal expansion integrated into next-generation designs, to enhance the longevity and safety of these structures. As a result, the more specific objective of this research is to design and characterize the use of multifunctional materials that stabilize the changing structure due to thermal expansion. The characteristics of these materials will work in conjunction with the temperature dependence of concrete. This will require very specific properties from the materials, making trained shape memory alloys (SMAs) a likely candidate, to meet the characteristics required to address the problem statement. The methods to train the materials should be developed in a repeatable fashion, and their adaptability demonstrated as a function of temperature and stress from the thermal expansion of the concrete.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $70000
    • Contract Numbers:

      18STTAM01

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Transportation Consortium of South-Central States

      Louisiana State University
      Baton Rouge, LA  United States  70803
    • Project Managers:

      Karaman, Ibrahim

    • Performing Organizations:

      Texas A&M University, College Station

      318 Jack K. Williams Administration Building
      College Station, TX  United States  77843
    • Principal Investigators:

      Hartl, Darren

    • Start Date: 20180315
    • Expected Completion Date: 20190915
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01664068
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Transportation Consortium of South-Central States
    • Contract Numbers: 18STTAM01
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Mar 19 2018 12:10PM