Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices. Topic S01-19. Data Acquisition and Protocols for Risk Management

Airports and their infrastructures are subjected to risks emerging from a variety of factors such as weather, wildlife, and operational malfunctions, just to name a few. Emerging risks revolve around critical physical infrastructures merging with information technology, communications, and software/hardware vulnerabilities. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recognizes the importance of keeping the infrastructure of airports safe by funding certain related projects grants. ( Research is needed to provide a state-of-the-art survey of the existing tools for characterizing common hazards found on airports and the risk management protocols in use for identifying and carrying out decisions to minimize adverse consequences, and safety management systems (SMS) applicability. (1) Risk management techniques are being used by airport planners to foresee and mitigate the effects of these factors, also known as hazards or threats. (2) Risk management projects comprise a number of stages ranging from the characterization of the hazards, exposure and vulnerabilities of infrastructure, along with qualifying and quantifying the resulting risk levels, until the deployment of adequate intervention measures. (3) Several tools exist for monitoring potential hazards to the airport infrastructures such as: remote sensing and Doppler radars for weather observation, video surveillance systems for monitoring wildlife, beacons and access control systems to determine the risk level of threats to the airport campus. (4) Additional technologies and tools exist for monitoring potential vulnerabilities of the underlying logical infrastructure (software / hardware / SCADA) such as Situational Awareness and Dashboards, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), firewalls and security devices, Antivirus/Antimalware, Secure Network Access Protocols, and Secure Virtual Local Area Networks. These tools and technologies when applied and maintained can create a threat-mitigation strategy that applies a risk level of threats to the airport campus's technology infrastructure. (5) The data received from the monitoring tools are fed into risk management protocols intended to identify and analyze potentially risky situations and evaluate which techniques can be applied to avoid adverse consequences. With the knowledge provided by the protocols, airport staff is able to routinely implement and monitor mitigation and preventive actions. (6) This Synthesis will provide a survey of the state-of-the-art monitoring tools currently in operation, risk management protocols which exist in small, medium, and large airport campuses, and examples of application along with a detailed bibliography. (7) A number of interviews of experienced practitioners will also be conducted in order to supplement the survey with their practical experiences. (8) Additionally, case studies of select airports may be presented as examples of successful implementations.


  • English


  • Status: Active
  • Funding: $45000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 11-03, Topic S01-19

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591
  • Project Managers:

    Helms, Thomas

  • Start Date: 20180925
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01659863
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 11-03, Topic S01-19
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Feb 12 2018 3:03PM