Quick-Response Research on Long-Term Strategic Issues. Task 24. Private Transit : Existing Services and Emerging Directions

There is a variety of privately provided transportation services available for shared or group use in many cities in the United States and throughout the world.  The services (which include, but are not limited to, microtransit, jitneys, shuttles, employer buses, van services, and group ridesourcing) are very diverse.   These transportation services supplement, complement, and compete with available public transportation, generally filling niche markets. They expand urban and suburban mobility options and meet needs of patrons at all income levels.  They have the potential to provide feeder services to and from fixed route transit, allowing more people access to publically provided transit services.  They also have potential to expand the transportation network through coordination and collaboration with local public transportation; however, there is little information regarding where or whether this is currently happening.   Key criticisms of privately provided shared or group transportation services are that they (1) drop off and pick up customers at bus stops, disrupting public transit services; (2) often occupy limited public curb-space, displacing other vehicles; (3) do not meet established regulations and safety standards for vehicles and drivers; (4)  do not provide fully accessible services;  and (5) are not available to all potential patrons (e.g.,  when they require a smart phone for access and a credit card account for payment).  The objective of this research is to provide information and guidance for transit agencies and other public entities, regarding private providers of transportation services intended for shared or group use. The research should provide guidance for (1) improving understanding of these services, including their benefits and impacts on communities; (2) reducing the challenges and disruption attributed to these services; and (3) initiating positive relationships that will benefit customers, public and private transportation providers, and communities.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $75000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project J-11, Task 24

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Transit Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Transit Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Performing Organizations:

    Shared Use Mobility Center (SUMC)

  • Principal Investigators:

    Feigon, Sharon

  • Start Date: 20161018
  • Expected Completion Date: 20171006
  • Actual Completion Date: 20171006

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01656398
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project J-11, Task 24
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Jan 8 2018 3:03PM