Impacts of Connected Vehicles and Automated Vehicles on State and Local Transportation Agencies--Task-Order Support. Impacts of Connected, Automated Vehicle Technologies on Traffic Incident Management Response

A revolution in vehicle technology is taking place, led by the private sector. Vehicles with connected technologies are on the roads today, and, every year, technology is taking over a larger portion of the driving task. Auto and technology companies have been designing these technologies for many years. The public sector and academia have gotten involved more recently. A major benefit of these connected, automated vehicle technologies will be improved traffic safety but crashes will still occur for the foreseeable future. The roles of emergency responders and their processes are just beginning to adapt to these new technologies. Even before we reach the implementation of fully automated vehicles, these technologies will affect incident response and questions abound. What will happen when a crash occurs? Will responders need to respond differently? Will the severity of crashes increase because when the technology fails, it could fail catastrophically? Will new players be involved in incident response? How will liability or responsibility be assigned? Are there new or changing risks to responders? In addition, will this new technology provide more data to the responders so that the response activities will change? For example, will the responders have information related to the crash severity, airbag deployment, number of occupants, fuel spills, etc. so that responders can be better prepared prior to arriving at the scene. While incidents vary widely and the specific characteristics will dictate what responses are needed, this project is principally concerned with primary emergency responders, including law enforcement, fire departments, emergency medical services, safety service patrols, towing and recovery specialists, and hazardous materials responders. The objective of this research is to develop guidance to prepare emergency responders for the deployment of connected, automated vehicle technologies. This guidance will include (1) a summary of information on connected, automated vehicle technologies and their impact on incidents and incident response that will be useful to a broad range of emergency responders; (2) effective practices (e.g., strategies, processes, procedures, standards) that address the needs of emergency responders; and (3) recommendations for ongoing structures to incorporate emergency responder perspectives into the development of connected, automated vehicle technologies.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Proposed
  • Funding: $250000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 20-102(16)

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Cooperative Highway Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

    444 North Capitol Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Project Managers:

    Deng, Zuxuan

  • Start Date: 20210907
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01653370
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 20-102(16)
  • Files: TRB, RIP
  • Created Date: Dec 11 2017 3:03PM