Connected Emission Control Technologies for Freight Vehicles

Medium- and heavy-duty diesel trucks, the majority of which are used for freight movement, are significant contributors of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emissions. As a result, areas close to freight hubs such as ports, railyards, and distribution centers often experience elevated levels of diesel-related air pollution. There has been increasing awareness of this environmental justice issue, which has led to the designation of disadvantaged communities (DACs) in California. These communities are specifically targeted for investments aimed at improving public health, quality of life, and economic opportunity of their residents. The emerging Connected Vehicle (CV) technology, which enables communication and information sharing between vehicles and infrastructure as well as among vehicles, has led to innovations that promise to improve safety, mobility, and sustainability of future transportation systems. Several CV applications have been developed under U.S. Department of Transportation’s research programs that target specific benefits such as avoiding vehicle crashes, reducing travel delays, and lowering greenhouse gas emissions. To date, there has been much less attention on utilizing CV technology to reduce criteria pollutant emissions from vehicles, particularly from freight vehicles. Therefore, in this project the research team proposes to develop and evaluate potential benefits of new CV applications specifically aimed at reducing the environmental and health impacts from freight vehicles in DACs. Specifically, the objectives of this project is to: 1) develop dynamic diesel engine tuning strategies and evaluate their emission reduction benefits; 2) develop emission-optimized eco-approach and departure algorithms for heavy-duty diesel trucks and evaluate their emission reduction benefits; and 3) develop low exposure routing algorithms for heavy-duty diesel trucks and evaluate their exposure reduction benefits. All of the evaluations will be based on real-world case studies of selected DACs in the southern part of California.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Funding: $99496
    • Contract Numbers:

      Project #: UCR-17-10

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      METRANS Transportation Center

      University of Southern California
      Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089-0626

      Pacific Southwest Region 9 UTC

      650 Childs Way
      Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089

      Department of Transportation

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Feldman, Doug

    • Principal Investigators:

      Boriboonsomsin, Kanok

    • Start Date: 20180101
    • Expected Completion Date: 20181231
    • Actual Completion Date: 0

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01652748
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: National Center for Metropolitan Transportation Research
    • Contract Numbers: Project #: UCR-17-10
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Nov 30 2017 4:26PM