The Cost-Effectiveness of Alternative Policies for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Freight Sector

There are three factors to consider in estimating the impact of these AFV policies: 1) impacts on trucking firms, 2) impacts on product demands, and 3) impacts on net greenhouse gases (GHGs). Trucking firms will incur costs of purchase and operation of AFVs, including any added costs due to differences in vehicle performance and fuel consumption. As discussed in Section 5, the research team assumes that any additional costs from purchase and operation of AFVs incurred by the trucking firm will be passed forward into prices to the final consumer. An increase in price will affect demand, and hence the team expects an overall decline in demand, which means a decline in freight shipments. In order to determine the net impacts on GHG emissions, the team must consider not only the GHG reductions associated with the replacement of conventional diesel vehicles, but also any change in traffic conditions that would affect the level of congestion. The change could be positive or negative, depending on whether the added truck vehicle miles of travel (VMT) due to AFV performance is offset by reduced VMT due to reduced demand. It is also possible that the use of AFVs will be subsidized by government. To the extent that trucking firms do not incur additional costs, prices should not change, and demand should be affected only by the reduced income represented by the subsidy.


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    • Status: Active
    • Contract Numbers:

      Project #: MT-17-04

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      METRANS Transportation Center

      University of Southern California
      Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089-0626

      Department of Transportation

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Pacific Southwest Region 9 UTC

      650 Childs Way
      Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Feldman, Doug

    • Principal Investigators:

      Bento, Antonio

      Giuliano, Genevieve

      Dessouky, Maged

    • Start Date: 20180101
    • Expected Completion Date: 20181231
    • Actual Completion Date: 0

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01652390
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: National Center for Metropolitan Transportation Research
    • Contract Numbers: Project #: MT-17-04
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Nov 29 2017 4:02PM