Airport Governance in U.S. Metro Regions: Institutional Models and their Implications for Megaregional Transport

This research project aims first, through review of the literature, to document and understand the range of governance models in place among airports and airport systems in U.S. metropolitan regions and, second, through select case study, to consider how different governance models present specific opportunities for and challenges to the enhancement of regional and megaregional transportation. In light of contemporary air travel industry shifts, in particular, the project will examine how entities responsible for airport governance (often called “airport sponsors” and typically cities or independent sub-or multi-state authorities) interact with established metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) and other key transportation agencies responsible for the planning, operation, and improvement of regional and megaregional transportation systems. This project is proposed at a time when the market dynamics of air transportation are rapidly changing, with significant and growing implications for surface transportation across U.S. regions and megaregions. Traditionally, proximity has been the driving factor behind an air passenger’s choice of airport. A metro airport could count on attracting the majority of passengers from the immediate region. Today’s airports compete fiercely with one another for passengers, and airports draw passengers from far beyond their own regional borders, from wider megaregional geographies. The phenomenon, known as “airport market leakage,” means that planning for air service itself, for ground transport access to airports, and for the economic development associated with airports increasingly must account for dynamics unfolding at the megaregional scale. At the same time, it is unclear whether existing institutions for airport governance and metropolitan transportation planning can facilitate planning at this scale in their own spheres, no less make increasingly important connections across the siloed domains for air travel, airport, and surface transportation planning. Transportation planning scholarship has largely ignored planning and institutions responsible for airports and air travel, focusing instead on highway, public transit, and bicycle and pedestrian modes. This project aims critically to examine the state of connections between regional surface transportation planning, airport, and air travel panning, and to understand the challenges and opportunities that current market factors—operating at megaregional scale—present for existing institutional and governance structures.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $108432
    • Contract Numbers:

      69A3551747135

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Department of Transportation

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology
      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      Department of Transportation
      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      University Transportation Centers Program

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      Department of Transportation

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      Department of Transportation
      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      University Transportation Center Program

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Stearns, Amy

    • Performing Organizations:

      Cooperative Mobility for Competitive Megaregions

      University of Texas at Austin
      Austin, TX  United States  78712
    • Principal Investigators:

      Sciara, Gian-Claudia

      Ryerson, Megan

    • Start Date: 20170901
    • Expected Completion Date: 20180831
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01650963
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Cooperative Mobility for Competitive Megaregions
    • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747135
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Nov 15 2017 5:23PM