Effect of Disruptions on Megaregion Emergency Evacuations: A Pilot Study

Emergency planning is essential to protect the health and safety of the public under disaster threats. Traffic simulation has been widely used to support the development of these plans as it captures spatial-temporal conditions during an evacuation and provides insights about the overall clearance process. For example, traffic simulation may support the decision to shelter in-place or evacuate in the event of a nuclear power plant emergency (NUREG/CR 7002); identify resources needed in the event of an evacuation (Murray-Tuite & Wolshon, 2013), etc. Considerations of possible network disruptions are also of particular importance to assist decision makers (Wolshon, 2009). This is because, network disruptions could affect the overall evacuation clearance process. However, few, if any, studies have assessed the effect of network disruptions on emergency evacuations at the megaregional scale. The research proposed here, therefore, seeks to fill this information gap by assessing the effect of various disruptive events on megaregion emergency evacuations. The network disruption events to be assessed in this project could include access restrictions to neighbor cities or states, traffic incidents (e.g. abandoned or disabled vehicles, crashes, etc.), work zones, flooded roads, adverse weather, traffic signal failure, etc.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $ 91422
    • Contract Numbers:

      69A3551747135

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Department of Transportation

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      Department of Transportation
      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      University Transportation Center Program

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      Department of Transportation

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology
      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      University Transportation Center Program

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Stearns, Amy

    • Performing Organizations:

      Cooperative Mobility for Competitive Megaregions

      University of Texas at Austin
      Austin, TX  United States  78712
    • Principal Investigators:

      Wolshon, Brian

    • Start Date: 20170901
    • Expected Completion Date: 20180901
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01650962
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Cooperative Mobility for Competitive Megaregions
    • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747135
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Nov 15 2017 5:11PM