Developing and Testing an ECO-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control System for Buses

Studies over the past decade have shown that eco-driving systems that provide speed advisory to drivers/vehicles using data received via vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications can help improve traffic mobility and reduce vehicle energy and emission levels. The proposed research extends the Eco-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (Eco-CACC) system previously developed by the research team on light duty vehicles (LDVs) to heavy duty vehicles (HDVs) (diesel and hybrid electric buses). The proposed research will start by developing an energy/fuel model for hybrid electric buses and calibrating these models to various bus types using field data collected by Blacksburg Transit (BT). Subsequently, the calibrated diesel and hybrid bus energy/fuel models and the corresponding vehicle dynamics models will be used to develop an Eco-CACC system for manual and automated modes of control of buses. Thereafter, the manual Eco-CACC mode will be tested by participants using a driving simulator at Morgan State University (MSU) to compare the Eco-CACC system performance with two other scenarios, namely: an uninformed drive and an informed drive provided with traffic signal count down information. In addition, the team will test the automated Eco-CACC system using the INTEGRATION microscopic simulation software to quantify the system-wide impacts on traffic mobility, energy consumption and emission levels. It is anticipated that the proposed system will improve transit operations by reducing delay and helping transit agencies save on energy costs, resulting in improved transit level of service, promoting more ridership and improving traffic mobility.

    Language

    • English

    Project

    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $140000
    • Contract Numbers:

      69A43551747123

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg

      Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
      3500 Transportation Research Plaza
      Blacksburg, VA  United States  24061

      Morgan State University

      Department of Transportation and Urban Infrastructure Studies
      5200 Perring Parkway
      Baltimore, MD  United States  21251

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590

      U.S. Department of Transportation

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      Urban Mobility and Equity Center

      Morgan State University
      Baltimore, MD  United States  21251
    • Project Managers:

      Tucker-Thomas, Dawn

    • Principal Investigators:

      Rakha, Hesham

      Chen, Hao

      Jeihani, Mansoureh

    • Start Date: 20171101
    • Expected Completion Date: 20190430
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01650621
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: Urban Mobility and Equity Center
    • Contract Numbers: 69A43551747123
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Nov 7 2017 1:57PM