Modeling the Interactions of Western U.S. Future Electricity and Fuels Sector with Hydrogen Energy Storage and Electric Vehicle Charging

Decarbonization scenarios for California and other regions to 2030 and 2050 show very significant adoption of plug-in electric vehicles and hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicles (for both light-duty vehicles and also freight trucks), as well as substantial investments in large quantities of renewable wind and solar generation. Moreover, hydrogen generation from renewable electricity possesses traits that concurrently facilitate the penetration of green generation and a zero-carbon fuel source. Hydrogen energy storage (HES) and power-to-gas systems, as well as controllable electric vehicle charging, present an opportunity to increase flexibility and resiliency of the sustainable energy supply system while potentially decreasing system cost and emissions by better utilization of renewables. As a result of these two important trends, there is likely to be a convergence of the electricity and transportation fuels sectors. This work will investigate the system-wide benefits of electric vehicle charging and hydrogen production on the high-renewable penetration grids that are expected in the 2030-2050 timeframe. It investigates the impact of demand side flexibility from charging electric vehicles and producing hydrogen for fuel cell vehicles on the ability to decarbonize the electricity grid with intermittent renewables. Moreover, the researchers will explore different scenarios to understand the interactions of the Western U.S. electric grid and fuel sector through energy storage technologies (specifically HES), power-to-gas systems, and flexible EV charging from a system-wide perspective.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Terminated
  • Funding: $76227
  • Contract Numbers:

    69A3551747114

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 
  • Managing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 
  • Project Managers:

    Iacobucci, Lauren

  • Performing Organizations:

    National Center for Sustainable Transportation

    University of California, Davis
    Davis, CA  United States 

    University of California, Davis

    Institute of Transportation Studies
    Davis, CA  United States  95616
  • Principal Investigators:

    Jenn, Alan

    Ogden, Joan

  • Start Date: 20171101
  • Expected Completion Date: 20181031
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01650574
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Center for Sustainable Transportation
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747114
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Nov 3 2017 4:51PM