Strategic Planning and Design for Electric Bus Systems

Electric bus with zero-emission has been recognized as a promising alternative to diesel and compressed natural gas (CNG) bus to advance air quality and save fuel costs (Tzeng et al. 2005). The adoption of electric buses requires significant investment and needs strategic and comprehensive planning on how to deploy electric buses and associated infrastructure (e.g., charging stations). Important decisions in deploying electric buses and charging stations will include, among others, identifying appropriate driving range (battery specification) for electric buses, allocating electric buses to appropriate transit routes, and determining locations of charging stations and their corresponding capacities that can charge the electric buses in a cost and time-effective way. While previous research has investigated the system design of public infrastructure for private electric vehicles, no research currently exists investigating the system design for electric buses and associated infrastructure. This research fills this gap by developing and using a combination of geographic information system (GIS) and optimization methods to identify optimal deployment strategies for electric bus systems to achieve specified planning goals. As many transit agencies are testing electric buses and considering the integration of electric buses into future fleet, this research will help the transit agency evaluate the capital and operational cost, greenhouse-gas emission reduction and fuel cost saving associated with the integration of electric buses, and make informed decisions regarding strategic planning and design for electric bus systems.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $60000
  • Contract Numbers:


  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Mountain-Plains Consortium

    North Dakota State University
    P.O. Box 6050, Department 2880
    Fargo, ND  United States  58108-6050
  • Project Managers:

    Kline, Robin

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of Utah, Salt Lake City

    College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
    Salt Lake City, UT  United States  84112-0561
  • Principal Investigators:

    Xiaoyue Cathy, Liu

    Wei, Ran

  • Start Date: 20161220
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180731
  • Actual Completion Date: 20180816
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers Program
  • Source Data: MPC-527

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01648661
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Mountain-Plains Consortium
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC38
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Oct 20 2017 12:13PM