Legal Aspects of Airport Programs. Topic 10-04. Updated Survey of Laws and Regulations Applicable to Airport Commercial Ground Transportation

Commercial ground transportation at United States airports includes public transit, door-to-door shuttle van service, charter buses, limousines, rental cars, taxicabs, hotel courtesy shuttles, wheel chair services, and courier operators. In recent years, technological developments, such as transportation network companies (TNCs, e.g., Uber and Lyft), car-sharing operations (e.g., Turo), and driverless cars, have added more options and challenges for airport ground transportation operations. These ground transportation carriers may be governed by state/local statutes and ordinances and/or airport contracts and comply with myriad federal, state, and local rules and regulations.  Federal, state and local ground transportation statutes, ordinances, rules and regulations are generally applicable, and may be supplemented by individual airport rules and regulations covering access to commercial loading and unloading areas; meeting, loading, and unloading passengers; procedures for obtaining operating permits, background checks (including access to relevant federal, state, and local databases), licenses, and agreements; automated vehicle identification (AVI) tag requirements; operator conduct; solicitation; fees; one-day or infrequent users permits; and airport security. Technological innovations such as global positioning system (GPS), geo-fencing capabilities, web-based apps, digital fee transactions, etc. have raised new issues for airports to address. Because the security status of any United States airport is subject to change without advance notice, directives issued, e.g. with respect to designated loading and unloading areas, amount of time allowed for vehicles to stand or dwell at curbside, etc. may be altered by law enforcement personnel, federal Transportation Security Administration officers, or airport emergency safety personnel at any time. Local regulations may also contain penalty and enforcement provisions and grievance procedures, which vary in detail depending on the size, use, and individual characteristics of the subject airport. Previous guidance, Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Legal Research Digest (LRD) 3: Survey of Laws and Regulations of Airport Commercial Ground Transportation was published in 2008, however, it doesn’t address new technologies related to ground transportation operations.  The objective of this research is to build on ACRP LRD 3 and synthesize available guidance, including regulations, statutes, policies, and case decisions (administrative or court) pertaining to commercial ground transportation. The digest should include an updated survey of federal, state, and local commercial ground transportation statutes, ordinances, rules and regulations, with extensive examples of each. The digest should also include a summary of litigation and sample permits and contracts.


  • English


  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 11-01, Topic 10-04

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591
  • Project Managers:

    Greenberger, Marci

  • Start Date: 0
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 0

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01648557
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 11-01, Topic 10-04
  • Files: TRB, RiP
  • Created Date: Oct 18 2017 3:02PM