Defining Contextual Variables Related to Seat Belt Use in Fatal Crashes

National observed seat belt use reached a historic high of 90 percent in 2016. While this national number suggests seat belt use has become a normative behavior in the United States, observed belt use still varies significantly across the States. In addition, according to 2015 Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data, almost half (48 percent) of those who were killed in passenger vehicle crashes were unrestrained. The variation in seat belt use across the States and the high percentage of unrestrained deaths nationally suggest that belt use is not in fact a normative behavior in all communities. Therefore, additional work is still needed to build on our understanding of the determinants of seat belt use behavior for refining countermeasure development, planning, execution, and evaluation. The objective of this project is to identify the social determinants of seat belt use among those fatally injured in passenger vehicle crashes in communities across the United States by using an ecological approach to examine the contextual social factors that predict seat belt use among fatalities. The project will analyze the relationship between restraint use among those fatally injured in passenger vehicle crashes in FARS and variables from merged secondary data sources to determine how the social contextual variables predict seat belt use among fatalities within defined geographical units.

    Project

    • Status: Active
    • Funding: $232789
    • Contract Numbers:

      DTNH2217F00153

    • Sponsor Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Managing Organizations:

      National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

      1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
      Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Byrd, Mary

    • Performing Organizations:

      ToXcel, LLC

      7140 Heritage Village Plaza
      Gainesville, VA  United States  20155
    • Principal Investigators:

      Byrd, Mary

    • Start Date: 20170922
    • Expected Completion Date: 20200930
    • Actual Completion Date: 0
    • USDOT Program: Behavioral Safety Research
    • Subprogram: Seat Belt Use

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01648049
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    • Contract Numbers: DTNH2217F00153
    • Files: RiP, USDOT
    • Created Date: Oct 4 2017 2:00PM