Phase – II : Charging Station Network Design for Electrified Vehicles in Urban Communities: Reducing Congestion, Emissions, Improving Accessibility, and Promoting Walking, Bicycling, and use of Public Transportation

Advantages of electric vehicles (EVs) include diversification of the transportation energy feedstock, reduction of greenhouse gas and other emissions, energy security, fuel economy, reduced operating costs, and reduced emissions leading to lesser air pollution levels. In response to government’s promotion of vehicle electrification objectives, the major automobile companies of the world are striving to produce affordable electrified vehicles for environmentally conscious consumers. Companies are introducing more models of EVs (hybrid vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, pure battery electric vehicles) every year around the world. However, a major challenge for achieving large-scale adoption of EVs is an accessible charging infrastructure. The societal benefits of large-scale adoption of EVs cannot be realized without adequate deployment of accessible charging stations due to mutual dependence of EV sales and public infrastructure deployment. Such infrastructure deployment also presents a number of unique opportunities for promoting livability while helping to reduce the negative side-effects of transportation (e.g., congestion and emissions). During the proposed second phase of this research, apart from solidifying the project team's findings for the current EV charging station network design modeling framework (MF) developed during the previous phase of the project, the project team intends to develop additional modules that also account for human behavioral aspects to enrich the current MF. The project team believes that these extensions will greatly improve the practical usability of the MF and provide additional insights for the decision makers. The second phase will enhance the MF in following ways: a) Explicitly account for accessibility range to EVs within a community during charging station network design and support minimum coverage requirements, assess the impact of uncovered regions within a community, and facilitate effective tradeoffs between accessibility, utilization and budgets, b) Inclusion of interaction between multi-modal transportation and EV charging stations network planning and develop a framework to study their synergy in improving overall transportation options in a community, c) Design a pricing scheme template based on proposed network design, price/demand elasticity, utilization and demand pattern to incentivize the stakeholders involved in maintaining the infrastructure, and d) Evaluation of the MF through a community case study in partnership with a regional planning agency such as Southeast Michigan Coucil of Governments (SEMCOG). The proposed research relates and contributes to the attainment of strategic goals of the U.S. Department of Transportation and the U.S. Department of Energy. It contributes to the fostering of livable communities by increasing the access to transportation with EVs, improves adoption of EVs, promotes sustainable transportation and provides increased transportation choice. It further contributes to environmental sustainability through reduced carbon footprint of transport. Lastly, it contributes to the economic competitiveness through increased transportation productivity and more efficient utilization of existing system resources.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $119986
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC 17-07

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Project Managers:

    Dunn, Denise

  • Performing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Wayne State University

    Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering
    4815 Fourth Street
    Detroit, MI  United States  48202
  • Principal Investigators:

    Venkatachalam, Saravanan

    Murat, Alper

    Chinnam, Ratna

  • Start Date: 20170815
  • Expected Completion Date: 20181231
  • Actual Completion Date: 20181231
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers
  • Subprogram: Research

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01646257
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC 17-07
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Sep 22 2017 11:16AM