Public vs Private Transportation Network Accessibility and Maternal-Infant Health Outcomes Across the Urban-Rural Boundary in Kalamazoo County, Michigan

This project is twofold. The first part of the project deals specifically with the benefits of multimodal transportation modeling to understand community structure of public health access in a community. Maternal risk and infant outcomes are examined in Kalamazoo County, MI with respect to transportation network accessibility by public transit and private vehicle across the urban-rural continuum. Infants born to mothers just outside the urban core had a higher rate of poor outcomes. Maternal risk factors, by contrast, were associated with the accessible rural areas – areas outside the city proper, but within 30 minutes by car to services. When as much variability as possible (departure time, routes, modes, time of day) was included in the model, very detailed community structure information emerged. This structural information is not specifically causal, but differences in behaviors and use of services, as well as differences in urban poverty and rural poverty were apparent. The second part of the project considered raster-based methods to provide insights into siting intervention locations at efficient and equitable locations for repeating cases of risk – in this case, repeating cases of sexually transmitted infections. The results provide metrics for decision makers to compare intervention locations by efficiency and equity across multimodal optimization.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $112044
  • Contract Numbers:

    DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC 17-06

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Project Managers:

    Dunn, Denise

  • Performing Organizations:

    Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities

    Western Michigan University
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49009-5316

    Western Michigan University

    1903 W. Michigan Avenue
    Kalamazoo, MI  United States  49008-5241
  • Principal Investigators:

    Baker , Kathleen

    Curtis, Amy

  • Start Date: 20170815
  • Expected Completion Date: 20181231
  • Actual Completion Date: 20181231
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers
  • Subprogram: Research
  • Source Data: https://wmich.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/u883/2019/TRCLC_RR_17_06.pdf

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01646256
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC60 TRC 17-06
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: Sep 22 2017 10:24AM