Institutional Response to Transit Oriented Development in the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area: Understanding Local Differences Through the Prism of Density, Diversity, and Design

The objective of the proposed study is to examine local initiatives and institutional responses to transit developments, their evolution over the last 25 years, and the extent to which institutional responses to promote transit neighborhood idea have been explored, developed, and implemented. Drawing on Los Angeles County’s diverse institutional, political, and socioeconomic landscape, what inferences can be drawn about local governments’ response to the design and planning of transit-oriented developments (TODs), their relative success, and future outlook? What lessons might the project glean about the essential performance characteristics for designing a transit neighborhood from the short yet dynamic history of transit expansion in metropolitan Los Angeles? Despite its polycentric structure and sprawled urban form, long considered a challenge for mass transit development, the Los Angeles metropolitan space has benefited from almost three decades of rail transit development. Since the inauguration of the Blue Line in 1990, the system has grown to some 105 miles of rail transit lines, including four light-rail and two subway lines, involving 93 stations across 18 cities and four unincorporated communities. While system-wide ridership has increased, development within walking distance of transit stations has been uneven, the usual and understandable lag notwithstanding. The project is interested in knowing how city governments have responded to usual expectations of commensurate TOD in the Los Angeles metropolitan region. To accomplish that, we will develop a comprehensive inventory of institutional response to transit development over the last three decades across cities affected by rail TOD. The project will propose to compare the effects of local policies on stations’ TOD performance measured through the prism of the 3-D criteria -- Density, Diversity, and Design -- as proposed by Cervero and Kockelman (1997) as the antecedents of successful TOD performance. Using an in-depth case study of 10 station areas, the project will analyze the impacts of TOD keeping in perspective the policy and incentive mix provided by local governments to leverage private investments. Ultimately, this research will result in identifying locally driven best practices in station area development and a better understanding of institutional and policy responses and the role of community values and participation affecting land use near transit stations.


    • English


    • Status: Completed
    • Funding: $99994
    • Contract Numbers:


    • Sponsor Organizations:

      METRANS Transportation Center

      University of Southern California
      Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089-0626

      National Center for Metropolitan Transportation Research

      University of Southern California
      650 Childs Way, RGL 107
      Los Angeles, CA  United States  90089-0626

      California Department of Transportation

      1227 O Street
      Sacramento, CA  United States  95843

      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

      University Transportation Centers Program
      Department of Transportation
      Washington, DC  United States  20590
    • Project Managers:

      Brinkerhoff, Cort

    • Principal Investigators:

      Banerjee, Tridib

      Bahl, Deepak

    • Start Date: 20170930
    • Expected Completion Date: 20180930
    • Actual Completion Date: 0

    Subject/Index Terms

    Filing Info

    • Accession Number: 01642998
    • Record Type: Research project
    • Source Agency: National Center for Metropolitan Transportation Research
    • Contract Numbers: 17-09
    • Files: UTC, RiP
    • Created Date: Aug 1 2017 6:41PM