Determining Airfield Pavement Deicer and Anti-Icer Contributions to Airport Stormwater

ACRP Project 02-61 identified and ranked research needs related to airport stormwater management. One of the conclusions of this review was that the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) stormwater permit compliance requirements increasingly include pavement deicer constituents in stormwater discharges. As controls on aircraft deicing runoff have become more widespread and effective, focus on the relative contribution and influence of pavement deicing runoff has increased. Yet airports face significant challenges when attempting to parse out the relative contribution of airfield deicers, because the sources contributing to oxygen demand (i.e., biochemical oxygen demand [BOD] and chemical oxygen demand [COD]) cannot be easily measured. Airports therefore need a method to determine the contribution of pavement deicers and anti-icers to the total oxygen demand in stormwater. The objective of this research is to develop a method to estimate the contributions of airfield pavement deicers and anti-icers to overall oxygen demand (BOD and COD) in stormwater discharges. The method should: (1) Account for sources, fate and transport of airfield pavement deicers and anti-icers; (2) Identify and quantify airfield pavement deicers and anti-icers contained in discharged waters; (3) Account for contributions from other non-airfield pavement-related deicers and anti-icing activities; (4) Be adaptable to background water chemistry, various geographies, airport configurations, soils, topography, climate, weather, and hydrology; (5) Be scalable to levels of resource availability (e.g., data, time, money, personnel, expertise); and (6) Produce output expressed as a percentage of overall BOD and COD attributable to airfield pavement deicers and anti-icers with levels of confidence, and identify uncertainties.


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $350000
  • Contract Numbers:

    Project 02-87

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Airport Cooperative Research Program

    Transportation Research Board
    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC    20001

    Federal Aviation Administration

    800 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20591
  • Project Managers:

    Navarrete, Joseph

  • Performing Organizations:


    Ann Arbor, MI  United States 
  • Principal Investigators:

    Cieciek, Chris

  • Start Date: 20180601
  • Expected Completion Date: 20201231
  • Actual Completion Date: 0
  • Source Data: RiP Project 41856

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01642767
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Transportation Research Board
  • Contract Numbers: Project 02-87
  • Files: TRB, RIP
  • Created Date: Jul 31 2017 12:26PM