Reducing Airport Pollution and Consequent Health Impacts to Local Community

Research shows that air pollution caused by a large airport could be equivalent to that produced by many hundreds of miles of freeway traffic. Airplane air pollution include ultrafine sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and other toxic particles, which not only affect employees and passengers on airport and residents near airport, but could spread to as far as 10 miles and cause health concerns of a significant amount of population. This study looks into the sources of local air pollution from aviation activities, for instance, ground access vehicles to and from the airport, aircraft taxiing at airfield surface, landing and take-off (LTO) cycle of aircraft, airport ground equipment etc. and seek the ways of reducing emissions from such sources by considering the interactions of different sources in airport operation. This project will have two main tasks. Task 1 aims at developing methods for reducing emissions from airfield aircraft taxiing and LTO by integrated optimization of the airfield aircraft operations. Task 2 investigates how emerging information technologies and automated driving would reshape the functions of airports and affect the sources of local air pollution from aviation activities. The project is expected to be completed in two years. In the first year, literature review and research approaches of both tasks will be conducted. In the second year, solution algorithms and real case studies will be developed and demonstrated.

Language

  • English

Project

  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $93245
  • Contract Numbers:

    69A3551747119

  • Sponsor Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Managing Organizations:

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Kline, Robin

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of South Florida, Tampa

    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    4202 E. Flowler Avenue, ENB 118
    Tampa, FL  United States  33620-5350
  • Principal Investigators:

    Bertini, Robert

    Gao, H

    Zhang, Yu

  • Start Date: 20180101
  • Expected Completion Date: 20180930
  • Actual Completion Date: 20180930
  • USDOT Program: University Transportation Centers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01634254
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: Center for Transportation, Environment, and Community Health
  • Contract Numbers: 69A3551747119
  • Files: UTC, RiP
  • Created Date: May 1 2017 10:22AM