Pedestrian and Bicyclist Countermeasure Primer for State Highway Safety Offices

While the demographic characteristics of pedestrians and bicyclists involved in motor vehicle crashes remains fairly consistent allowing for targeted programs, implementing countermeasures more broadly targeting the roadway environment are also useful. "Countermeasures That Work" is a basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) in selecting effective, science-based traffic safety countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas; however, the guide is limited to behavior focused countermeasures that States can fund with National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) grants. While it is appropriate for SHSOs to focus on reimbursable behavior-based countermeasures, SHSOs should also be aware of engineering countermeasures targeting pedestrians and bicyclists because this set of engineering countermeasures can be highly effective at reducing injuries and fatalities. This project builds upon the pedestrian and bicyclist chapters of "Countermeasures That Work" and develops a primer of pedestrian and bicyclist countermeasures that includes both behavioral and engineering based. By doing this, SHSOs will be aware of effective countermeasures used by practitioners and develop a better understanding of how the efforts may work together. Having a basic grasp of engineering countermeasures allows decision makers to realize more opportunities for changing pedestrian and driver behavior.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • See "Advancing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety: A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals" (DOT HS 812 258. April 2016).


  • English


  • Status: Completed
  • Funding: $139,228
  • Contract Numbers:


  • Sponsor Organizations:

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, D.C.  United States  20590
  • Project Managers:

    Johnson, Kristie

  • Performing Organizations:

    University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center

    730 Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard CB # 3430
    Chapel Hill, NC  United States  27599-3430
  • Principal Investigators:

    Johnson, Kristie

  • Start Date: 20140926
  • Expected Completion Date: 0
  • Actual Completion Date: 20160400
  • USDOT Program: Behavioral Safety Research
  • Subprogram: Pedestrian Safety

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01632303
  • Record Type: Research project
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH2211D00223-0005
  • Files: RiP, USDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 14 2017 4:40PM